UEG journal. October 2016. Vol 4. Suppl. 1 Pag A651 Introduction: Gelatine tannate (GT) and xylogucan (XG) are commercially available in several countries for the oral treatment of diarrhea in children and adults. However, the mechanism of action remains poorly understood.
Urologia Internationalis. Published on line: April 8, 2016 Objective: To assess the efficacy and safety of a new medical device (MD; a capsule whose main component is a cross-linked protein) in the prevention of uncomplicated cystitis recurrences.
Future Microbiology. Published on line: 29 March 2016 Aim: To evaluate whether Utipro(®), a natural product approved to prevent urinary tract infections, protects intestinal epithelial cells from Escherichia coli adherence/intracellular invasion in vitro.
Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2016 Sep;17(9):564-80. doi: 10.1038/nrm.2016.80. Epub 2016 Jun 29.  
Nature Communications 6, Article number: 8292 (2015)   The overall composition of the mammalian intestinal microbiota varies between individuals: within each individual there are differences along the length of the intestinal tract related to host nutrition, intestinal motility and secretions.